GST Applicable on Development Agreement: What You Need to Know

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) was implemented in India on 1 July 2017, replacing multiple indirect taxes. Since then, many businesses and individuals have been wondering about the applicability of GST on various transactions, including development agreements. In this article, we will explain what a development agreement is and whether GST is applicable on it.

What is a Development Agreement?

A development agreement is a legal contract between a landowner and a developer, where the developer agrees to construct buildings or other structures on the landowner`s property. The agreement includes details about the scope of work, timelines, payments, and other terms and conditions. The developer may also be responsible for obtaining necessary approvals and permits from local authorities.

Is GST Applicable on Development Agreements?

Yes, GST is applicable on development agreements, as it is considered a supply of services. According to the GST Act, any supply of services made in the course or furtherance of business, including by way of barter or exchange, is taxable under GST. The rate of GST applicable on development agreements is 18% (9% CGST and 9% SGST/UTGST or 18% IGST, depending on the nature of the transaction).

The developer must register for GST if the total value of their taxable supplies in a financial year exceeds the threshold limit of Rs 20 lakhs (Rs 10 lakhs for special category states). They must also charge GST on the value of their services and remit the same to the government by filing periodic returns.

The landowner is not required to register for GST if they are not engaged in any other taxable supplies. However, if they are registered for GST and are eligible for input tax credit (ITC), they can claim the GST paid on the development charges as ITC, subject to certain conditions.

It is essential for both parties to mention the GST amount in the development agreement and issue proper tax invoices to avoid any disputes or penalties.


In conclusion, GST is applicable on development agreements as it is considered a supply of services. The developer must register for GST and charge the applicable rate on their services, and the landowner can claim ITC if eligible. It is crucial to comply with the GST regulations and maintain proper documentation to avoid any legal issues. If you are planning to enter into a development agreement, it is advisable to consult a legal or tax expert to understand the GST implications and ensure compliance with the law.